NASA publishes its Artemis mission plan to make the moon a sustainable base- Technology News, Firstpost


The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has released a detailed plan for its Lunar exploration of Artemis program on September 22. The plan is in line with the space agency’s vision to send the first woman and the next man to the moon by 2024.

NASA aspires to study the Moon in great detail and explore new areas by sending astronauts. They aim to create sustainable missions by 2028 and finally take the “next giant leap” by sending a human to the surface of Mars.

This illustration made available by NASA in April 2020 represents the astronauts of Artemis on the Moon. On Thursday, April 30, 2020, NASA announced the three companies that will develop, build and fly lunar landers, with the goal of bringing astronauts back to the moon by 2024. The companies are SpaceX, led by Elon Musk; Blue Origin, founded by Jeff Bezos of Amazon; and Dynetics, a Huntsville, Alabama subsidiary of Leidos. (NASA via AP)

According to official document open to the general public, the “Moon plan is twofold”. After its “initial human landing by 2024”, work will be carried out simultaneously towards “sustainable lunar exploration in the mid to late 2020s”. NASA mentions that 2024 is not an arbitrary date but the most ambitious goal. The agency’s ultimate goal is to send the first manned mission to our neighboring planet Mars. With “more countries and companies [taking] Aiming for the Moon, America needs the landing as soon as possible to maintain and strengthen that leadership, as well as to prepare for a historic first human mission to Mars, ”the body said in the plan.

The first stage of the plan marks the unmanned mission, called Artemis I, on the Moon in 2021, NASA said in a statement. This will come after a “hot shot test” on NASA’s new rocket, the Space Launch System (SLS) and the Orion spacecraft. After a successful hot fire test, to be carried out this fall, the central stage will be integrated into the spacecraft. The US space agency will then launch an SLS and an Orion together during two flight tests around the Moon to “verify performance, life support and communication capabilities.” The second mission, Artemis II, will fly with the crew in 2023.

In 2024, Artemis III will be deployed and will see the first astronauts on the lunar South Pole.

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